History of Nepal

Nepal Fact-Sheet

Area: 147,181 sq. km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location: Latitude: 2612′ to 3027′ North Longitude:804′ to 8812′ East
Capital: Kathmandu
Population: 33 million
People: 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Climate: sub-tropical in low lands to arctic’s in higher altitudes

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.

This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of 101 ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 92 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.

Language: Nepali
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Political System: Nepal was declared a Federal Democratic Republic state on May 2008, during the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly. It was previously a multiparty democracy since 1990

National Bird: Impean Pheasant Danfe).
National Flower: Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans).

The most exhilarating titles with which Nepal has been admired and praised by various renowned travel writers in recognition of her cultural richness:

Living cultural Museum

  • Shangri-La
  • Roof of the World
  • Birth place of the Apostle of Peace
  • Country of Living Goddess
  • City of Golden Pagodas and Parasols
  • Himalayan Pilgrimage
  • Nature amphitheatre
  • Melting pot of Hinduism and Buddhism
  • A tiny Kingdom of 103 ethnic groups and 93 spoken languages
  • Birth place of Sita
  • Abode of Shiva
  • Land of Mysticism & Exoticism
  • Land of non-stop festivals
  • Are explicit and self-explanatory. They tell the world about our incomparable & prosperous cultural heritage.